8.2.15 Holy Communion and the Apostle ministry

Jesus Christ instituted Holy Communion in the circle of His Apostles and entrusted it to them. He commissioned them to proclaim the gospel and to dispense the sacraments. The epistle to the Hebrews illustrates that Jesus Christ is the true High Priest who offers Himself up as a sacrifice. Whenever an Apostle or a priestly minister commissioned by Him performs the consecration, this occurs by the commission and authority of Jesus Christ. Here it is the Holy Spirit who effects the real presence of the Son of God, His body and blood, in Holy Communion. It is also in this sense that the Apostles of Jesus are "stewards of the mysteries of God" (1 Corinthians 4: 1).

Where the Holy Spirit is active through the ministry established and authorised by Jesus Christ, this sacramental reality comes into being.

SUMMARY

The forgiveness of sins and Holy Communion are closely related to one another. Both are founded upon the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. Although the sacrifice of Christ is present in Holy Communion, forgiveness of sins is not effected at the same time in the sacrament. (8.2.14)

The forgiveness of sins also enables believers to worthily partake of Holy Communion. (8.2.14)

Jesus Christ instituted Holy Communion in the circle of the Apostles and entrusted it to them. (8.2.15)

Where the Holy Spirit is at work through the ministry established and authorised by Jesus Christ, this sacramental reality comes into being. (8.2.15)

See also