3.5.1.2 The Holy Spirit and the incarnation of the Son of God

A central event in the history of salvation is the incarnation of God in Jesus Christ. The virgin Mary became pregnant by the Holy Spirit (Matthew 1: 18; Luke 1: 35). This biblical statement is taken up in the New Apostolic Creed: "I believe in Jesus Christ, ... who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the virgin Mary ..."

It is also the Holy Spirit who testifies of the sending of the Son. The divine authority of the incarnate Son of God is revealed by the descending of the Spirit at Jesus' baptism in the Jordan (Matthew 3: 16-17; John 1: 32-34). It is here that the anointing of Jesus with the Holy Spirit occurs, with respect to His human nature, whereby God acknowledges Him as the Messiah, the "Anointed One". Apostle Peter taught in the house of Cornelius: "... that word you know, which was proclaimed throughout Judea, and began from Galilee after the baptism which John preached: how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power" (Acts 10: 37-38). The gospels attest that the Holy Spirit is enduringly present in the incarnate Son of God (Luke 4: 1, 14, 18, 21).

SUMMARY

Holy Scripture attests that understanding God is only possible through the Spirit of God. (3.5)

The Holy Spirit is true God. He emanates from the Father and the Son and lives eternally in fellowship with them. The Holy Spirit is a divine person who is worshipped and glorified as Lord along with the Father and the Son. (3.5)

The New Testament also refers to Him as the "Comforter" and "Helper", as well as a "power" and as the "gift of God". Holy Spirit is imparted in Holy Sealing as a power and gift. (3.5)

Personhood is part of the nature of God, and is revealed in the Father, in the Son, and in the Holy Spirit. (3.5.1)

The Holy Spirit emanates from the Father and the Son. Like the Father and the Son, the Holy Spirit is very God of very God. He is not created, is of one substance with the Father and the Son, and like them is active eternally. (3.5.1.1)

The incarnation of God in Jesus Christ was effected by the Holy Spirit, because the virgin Mary became pregnant by Him. The Holy Spirit attested to the sending of the Son at Jesus' baptism in the Jordan. In the process Jesus was anointed by the Holy Spirit according to His human nature. Thereby God acknowledged Jesus as the Messiah, the "Anointed One". (3.5.1.2)

See also