11.3 The reoccupation of the Apostle ministry in the Catholic Apostolic Church

Between 1826 and 1829, in close cooperation with the Presbyterian clergyman Edward Irving (1792-1834), the banker Henry Drummond (1786-1860) invited representatives of the "Students of Prophecy" to his country estate in Albury in southern England for a series of conferences in order to clarify certain biblical statements regarding the reawakening of the original fullness of the Holy Spirit and the return of Christ.

In Scotland, believers of various denominations also shared the expectation of an increased activity of the Holy Spirit. In 1830, manifestations of healing, speaking in tongues, and prophecy occurred in their circle and were also widely noticed.

It was in this context of believing expectation of a special ministry in the church that John Bate Cardale (1802-1877), a member of the Anglican Church, was called to the Apostle ministry by the Holy Spirit and designated by Henry Drummond as an Apostle on 31 October 1832 (other sources mention 7 November 1832) in London. He had joined Irving's congregation in August 1832. On Christmas 1832, Cardale carried out his first ministerial act as an Apostle and ordained William R. Caird as an Evangelist. For nearly a year Cardale remained the only Apostle, and had a defining influence on the concept of the Apostle ministry in the nascent church.

In the time following, the movement developed more defined structures. Beyond that, an understanding of ministry and the sacraments developed.

See also