1.2.1 Content and structure of Holy Scripture

The Bible is comprised of two main parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. The term "Testament" derives from the promise of the "new covenant" recorded in Jeremiah 31: 31-34 [1]. While the writings of the Old Testament refer to the covenant that God made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, as well as with Moses, the writings of the New Testament testify of the new covenant, which God initiated with the sending of His Son.

Both the Old and New Testaments testify of God's plan of salvation for mankind and are thus linked to one another. The designation "Bible" for the Old and New Testament has already been in use since the ninth century.

[1] The Hebrew term berit, which means "covenant", is rendered as diatheke in the Greek translation of the Bible. This Greek term has the double meaning of "covenant" and "testament".

See also