4.3 Sin and guilt

The Bible uses the terms "sin" and "guilt" interchangeably in some cases, and with different meanings in others. The distinction between these two concepts is clearly shown in the words of the Son of God when He defended His disciples who, by the interpretation of the Pharisees, had broken the law and thus committed a sin: "Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath [that is they sin by breaking the Third Commandment], and are blameless?" (Matthew 12: 5).

See also